Random Thoughts on Instructional Design
Because of learners’ familiarity with video (TV/VCR), applying video technology in an online environment will easily allow learners to create their own understanding of the video learning environment. Learners are familiar with the syntax and semantics of TV, and the way that ideas are conceived, organized, and presented. Video can be used to convey an interesting problem that learners need to solve. The Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt University created and tested video-based instruction that is designed to help learners to reason, think, and solve problems. In solving the problems presented in the video, learners need to write persuasive essays based on factual research. All of the information needed to solve the problem is embedded in the video. The learners need to search the video in order to find the needed information after they have determined what they need to know. Learners who work on meaningful tasks in complex problem-based learning context better understand and transfer what they learn to new situations. Therefore, they apply new learning to their previous experiences.
The following suggested techniques can engage students in higher order thinking skills through video.
Activity 1: First level stimulus exercise
Play a short newsreel clip without sound (it doesn’t have to be current). Have the students consider the following questions while watching the clip:
Activity 2: 10 frame exercise
Any type of video can be used for this activity.
Activity 3: Predict, Observe & Evaluate (POE)
Activity 4: Inquiry and Problem Solving
For this activity it would be best to give students some type of clip that is rather generic ans then have the students think about is deeply and conduct research to locate the answer.