Rose Colored Glasses

Random Thoughts on Instructional Design

Video Problem Solving

Because of learners’ familiarity with video (TV/VCR), applying video technology in an online environment will easily allow learners to create their own understanding of the video learning environment. Learners are familiar with the syntax and semantics of TV, and the way that ideas are conceived, organized, and presented. Video can be used to convey an interesting problem that learners need to solve. The Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt University created and tested video-based instruction that is designed to help learners to reason, think, and solve problems. In solving the problems presented in the video, learners need to write persuasive essays based on factual research. All of the information needed to solve the problem is embedded in the video. The learners need to search the video in order to find the needed information after they have determined what they need to know. Learners who work on meaningful tasks in complex problem-based learning context better understand and transfer what they learn to new situations. Therefore, they apply new learning to their previous experiences.

Techniques

The following suggested techniques can engage students in higher order thinking skills through video.

Activity 1: First level stimulus exercise

Play a short newsreel clip without sound (it doesn’t have to be current). Have the students consider the following questions while watching the clip:

  1. Where is it taking place?
  2. Where might it have occurred?
  3. Who is involved?
  4. What is happening?
Then have small group discussions on the question set. Then play the clip again without sound to check impressions.Next have students report out then play the clip with audio.

Activity 2: 10 frame exercise

Any type of video can be used for this activity.

  • Have students select 10 frames from a video to support one of four hypothesis provided by you for a given question.
  • Then have the students support the hypothesis by working in groups.
  • Then have them defend their selections by:
    1. Choosing 10 images that support the hypothesis
    2. Upload the images to a tool like voicethread
    3. Have a group discussion around the hypothesis and supporting images

Activity 3: Predict, Observe & Evaluate (POE)

  • Provide a video clip then ask the students to predict what is happening in the clip.
    • Example 1: Predict how you would demolish a building without causing serious damage to the surrounding buildings.
    • Example 2: Predict which of these 6 prototype helicopters would actually fly — provide students with 6 short clips edited together and have them make a decision.
  • After students have discussed the clips provide them with the remainder of the clip that meets the correct solution.

Activity 4: Inquiry and Problem Solving

  • What is happening here ans how could we find out?
    • Example: Provide a short video of a plane crash that doesn’t show the actual crash happening and doesn’t provide a clear indication of where the plane is, then ask the question “where dd this plane crash and when?”
    • Have the students determine how they would find the answer to the question that you posed.

For this activity it would be best to give students some type of clip that is rather generic ans then have the students think about is deeply and conduct research to locate the answer.

Tools & Resources

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